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The Women’s and Children’s Health Network acknowledges Aboriginal people as the First Peoples and Traditional Custodians of Country throughout South Australia. We acknowledge and respect their ongoing and deep spiritual connection and relationship to land, air, sea, waters, community and country. We pay our respect to their Elders past, present and emerging.

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people should be aware that this website may contain images, voices and names of people who have passed away.

WCHN Pharmacy Research Publications

As part of SA Pharmacy, the WCH Pharmacy Department is committed to supporting clinical and practice based research that promotes effective use of medicines, whilst reducing the risks associated with medicines use.

We encourage researchers to challenge the status quo and evaluate innovative ideas that address issues with medicines use.

This page contains a listing of recent research publications by WCH Pharmacy staff. Selected publications can be viewed in PDF format by clicking on the title.

For more information about the Pharmacy Department at the Women's and Children's Hospital, go to:







  • Leggett C, Giles L, Anderson J, Doogue M, Couper J, Pena AS. Adherence to metformin is reduced during school holidays and weekends in children with type 1diabetes participating in a randomised controlled trial. Arch Dis Child. 2019; 0:1-5. doi:10.1136/archdischild-2018-316303
  • Duke JL, Raju A, Tan EKS, Sok R. Lower oxycodone prescription post caesarean section is associated with decreased inpatient opioid consumption. International Journal of Obstetric Anaesthesia. 2019; April 16
  • Joseph PD, Caldwell P, Barnes EH, Hynes k, Choong CS, Turner S, Vosk C, White J, Richichi K, Craig JC. Completeness of protocols for clinical trials in children submitted to ethics committees. Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health. 2019; 55, 291–298


  • Song Y, Chin ZW, Ellis D, Lwin EMP, Turner S, Williams D, Garg S. Stability of an extemporaneously compounded minoxidil oral suspension. Am J Health-Syst Pharm. 2018;75:309-15
  • Garg A, Cranwell A, Chan D. Cetirizine – How much is too much. Journal of pharmacy practice and Research. 2018; 48 (2): 170-172
  • Jowell G, Garg A, Song Y, Fotios A, Andersen C, Garg S. Compatibility of intravenous ibuprofen with lipids and parenteral nutrition, for use as a continuous infusion. PLOS 1; 2018; 13 (1): e0190577
  • Lwin EMP, Gerber C, Leggett C, Song Y, Ritchie U, Turner S, et al. Estimation of Atenolol Transfer Into Milk and Infant Exposure During Its Use in Lactating Women. Journal of Human Lactation. 2018; 34 (3): 592-599
  • Grzeskowiak L, Leggett C, Costi L, Roberts C & Amir L, (2018) Impact of serotonin reuptake use on breast milk supply in mothers of preterm infants: a retrospective cohort study. British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology, 84(6):1373-1379
  • Matti N, Nguyen MR, Mosel C, Grzeskowiak LE. Utilisation of neonatal medication error prevention strategies: a clinical practice survey of Australia and New Zealand neonatal units. Ther Adv Drug Saf. 2018; September: 1-9. DOI: 10.1177/2042098618796952
  • Lwin EMP, Leggett C, Ritchie U, Gerber C, Song Y,
  • Hague W, Turner S, et al. Transfer of Rosuvastatin into breast milk: liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry methodology and clinical recommendations. Drug design, development and therapy. 2018; 12: 3645-3651


  • Clayson-Fisher T. Fear not! Progressing pharmacy practice together’. GRIT. 2017 winter ed
  • Anderson JJA, Couper JJ, Giles LC, Leggett CE, Gent R, Coppin B, Peña AS. Effect of Metformin on vascular function in children with type 1 diabetes: A 12 month randomized controlled trial. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2017 Oct 9 accepted for publication.
  • Lwin, E. M. P., Gerber, C., Song, Y., Leggett, C., Ritchie, U., Turner, S., & Garg, S. (2017). A new LC-MS/MS bioanalytical method for perindopril and perindoprilat in human plasma and milk. Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry, 409(26), 6141-6148.
  • Lwin, E. M. P, Gerber, C, Song, Y, Leggett, C, Ritchie, U, Turner, S., & Garg, S. (2017). A new LC–MS/MS bioanalytical method for atenolol in human plasma and milk. Bioanalysis, 9(7), 517-530.
  • Garg A, Chan D, Turner S. Managing allergies and Adverse Drug reactions in a tertiary hospital at a multi-disciplinary forum. Int J Med; 2017; 47 (suppl. 5): 10
  • Ambados F. The preparation of non-sterile extemporaneous cytotoxic suspensions. Journal of Pharmacy practice and Research. 2017; 47:494-496


  • Garg A, as part of the ASCIA Drug allergy working party. ASCIA Consensus statement for the assessment of patients with immediate (IgE mediated) penicillin allergy, on 2016
  • Brecht M, Garg A, Longstaff K, Cooper C, Andersen C. Lactobacillus Sepsis following a Laparotomy in a Preterm Infant: A Note of Caution. Neonatology. 2016;109:186-189. DOI: 10.1159/000441965
  • Lwin EMP, Ellis D, Song M, Turner S, Garg S. Stability Studies of Extemporaneously Compounded Clobazam Oral Suspension. Annals of Pharmacotherapy 2016; 502(2):155-156; DOI: 10.1177/1060028015617278 – requested
  • Ritchie U, Turner S, Field C. Development and utility of a medication self-assessment tool for community-based healthcare services. Journal of Pharmacy Practice and Research 2016; DOI: 10.1002/jppr.1232


  • Garg A, Chan D, Ambados F, Lwin E, Song Y, Garg S. Penicillin stability in prefilled syringes for the purpose of skin testing for drug allergy. Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology Practice 2015;3(4):599-601
  • Sok R, Turner S. Hospital pharmacist-led review of medication in the home in the paediatric palliative care population. Journal of Pharmacy Practice and Research 2015;45(3):297-301
  • Pariyadan MV, Hotham ED, Turner S, Garg S. Ethics and compliance hurdles in conducting multicentre low-risk research. Medical Journal of Australia 2015;203(8): 324-325
  • McMillan M, Porritt K, Kralik D, Costi L, Marshall H. Influenza vaccination during pregnancy: A systematic review of fetal death, spontaneous abortion, and congenital malformation safety outcomes. Vaccine. 2015;33(18):2108-2117. DOI: 10.1016/j.vaccine.2015.02.068.
  • Nash L, Dixon R, Eaton V, Grzeskowiak LE. Accuracy of Information on Medication Use and Adverse Drug Reactions Recorded in Pregnancy Hand-Held Records. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology.2015; 55(6): 547-51.
  • Brecht M, Wiese M, Hopkins AM, Wojiechowski, J, Suppiah V, Garg A, Garg S, Stark MJ, Anderson CC. Pharmacokinetics and clinical effects of a novel dosing regimen for intravenous ibuprofen, a pilot study. J Paediatr Child Health. 2015 Apr;51 Suppl 1:1-138, page 97


  • Sinha YK, Craig JC, Barclay PG, Miller H, Turner S, Whitehouse J, Brien JE. A national study of the processes and outcomes of paediatric formulary applications in Australia. Medical Journal of Australia 2014;200:541-545
  • Ditty A, Garg A, Leggett C, Turner S. Are proton pump inhibitors over-prescribed in infants? Journal of Pharmacy Practice and Research 2014;44(4):220-223
  • Costi L, Craig S Lockwood, Zachary Munn, Zoe Jordan. Women's experience of diabetes and diabetes management in pregnancy: A systematic review of qualitative literature. The JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports. 2014; 12(1):176. DOI: 10.11124/jbisrir-2014-1304


  • Ellis DP. ‘Prescribing Antipsychotics for Young People and Monitoring Physical Health and Adverse Effects’, Journal of Pharmacy Practice and Research 2013; 43: 190
  • Garg A, Smith W. ‘Sulfur allergies can be misleading’, Journal of Pharmacy Practice and Research 2013; 43 :332
  • Grzeskowiak L, Lim S, Thomas A, Ritchie U, Gordon A. ‘Audit of Domperidone Use as a Galactogogue at an Australian Tertiary Teaching Hospital’, Journal of Human Lactation, J Hum Lact. 2013 Feb;29(1):32-7
  • Stacey S, Turner S, Coulthard K, Miller H. Paediatric Pharmacy in Australia: Where have we come from and where do we need to go? Journal of Pharmacy Practice and Research 2013; 43: 45-48
  • Garg A, Robertson L, Tait P, Morris S, Bhatia V. Development and implementation of state wide neonatal medication guidelines in South Australia. Conference proceedings (PSANZ 2013) in Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health 2013; 49(Suppl 2):59-80


  • Ambados F, Crea J, Chin M and Lee, S. ‘Preparation method and stability of a temozolamide suspension: A pilot study’, Journal of Pharmacy Practice and Research, 2012; 42: 111-114
  • Mihaila B, Ellis D, Rozek T, Milne R. ‘Chiral Stability Study of Oral Liquid Clopidogrel Formulations for Infants’, Journal of Pharmacy Practice and Research 2012; 42: 106-110
  • Wiese M, Sluggett J, Wilson C, Reuter S, Turner S, Evans A. ‘Perceived and actual paracetamol dosing in overweight and obese children’, European Journal of Hospital Pharmacy: Science and Practice, Eur J Hosp Pharm 2012;19:438-442
  • Whennan L, Grzeskowiak L. ‘Impact of Pharmaceutical Reforms on Non-Prescription Medication Management in Post-Natal Women Following Discharge from Hospital’, Journal of Pharmacy Practice and Research, 2012; 42: 22-25